Bagamoyo is steeped in history, the name meaning 'Loss of the Heart' as a result of it being a terminus for the slave caravans from inland. At the peak of the slave trade in the mid 19th century it is estimated that 50,000 captives arrived in Bagamoyo each year. Now a popular beach destination, the town lies only 70km from Dar on good tarmac road. There are several mid-range beach hotels available. The Kaole Ruins, dating from the 12th century Shirazi era, also make an interesting excursion.
The main ruins in Tanzania are in Zanzibar, Kilwa and Mikandani. All are old Arab trading ports dating back 1000 years or more serving the trade from Great Zimbabwe. Stonetown, Zanzibar has its old fort and numerous remains of palaces and baths. Elsewhere along the coast, other ruins feature old mosques and palaces in Bagamoyo, Tanga and Tumbatu island.
Inland Tanzania as little to offer in terms of archaeological buildings, with the oldest structures dating back to the German missions of the late 1800s.
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